|Join more than one physical file field to create Join logical file in AS400|
In this blog, we will be seeing an example that tells us how to create a Join Logical file (JLF) to join more than one physical file field.
Create first physical file PF1
PF1 has 3 fields namely ROLLNO of 10 chars, CLASS of 2 numeric and STUNAME of 15 chars respectively, and record format name as RPF1.Use the CRTPF command to create the object for file PF1.
A R RPF1 A ROLLNO 10A A CLASS 2P 0 A STUNAME 15A
Create second physical file PF2
PF2 has 3 fields namely ROLLNO of 10 chars and CLASS of 2 numeric and AGE of 2 numeric respectively and record format name as RPF2.Use the CRTPF command to create the object for file PF2.
A R RPF2 A ROLLNO 10A A CLASS 2P 0 A AGE 2P 0
Create a Join Logical file (JLF)
JLF2 would have 4 fields namely ROLLNO, STUNAME, and CLASS and AGE from files PF1 and PF2, where the ROLLNO and CLASS fields are common in both the physical files PF1 and PF2.
A R RJLF2 JFILE(PF1 PF2) A J JOIN(PF1 PF2) A JFLD(ROLLNO ROLLNO) A JFLD(CLASS CLASS) A ROLLNO JREF(PF1) A CLASS JREF(PF1) A STUNAME A AGE
Data in PF1
ROLLNO CLASS STUNAME 1 1 NAME1 2 1 NAME2 ******** End of data ********
Data in PF2
ROLLNO CLASS AGE 1 1 5 2 1 6 ******** End of data ********
Data in join logical file (JLF2)
ROLLNO CLASS STUNAME AGE 1 1 NAME1 5 2 1 NAME2 6 ******** End of data ********
R denotes the Record format of the join logical file. Here in this example, JLF2 has a record format name as RJLF2.
JFILE keyword accepts parameters as file names. Here you must specify at least two physical files (PF) where the first file is the primary file and the second file is the secondary file.
J denotes the beginning of the Join specification. At least one Join specification must be defined in the Join logical file (JLF). The next J would be on the next line.
JOIN denotes that which two files will be joined using the JOIN keyword. Let me tell you if only two physical files are joined then this JOIN keyword is optional to use in Join logical file (JLF).
JFLD keyword denotes join fields that will join rows from the physical files specified on the JOIN keyword.JFLD keyword must be specified at least once for each join keyword. Let me tell you the join fields are those fields that are common to both the physical files. All the fields must be of the same type, the length specified on the JFLD if they are not character types.
Joined based on CLASS field in both the physical files PF1 and PF2 as well.
At least one field name must be specified from the physical file and you can use keywords such as CONCAT, SST, RENAME here.
JREF keyword is used for the field names which must specify that from which files this field is referred from in Join logical file (JLF). Here, in this example, ROLLNO fields are present in both the files PF1 and PF2 and JLF must know in advance that from where the field comes from.
Please note that in this example PF1 and PF2 do not have key fields. So Join logical file (JLF) is an arrival sequence file in this case, but in case we have defined any key fields then the Join logical file would be an indexed file(keyed sequence).
Note and Warning
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Points to remember
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- Logical file in AS400
- Non-Join Logical file in AS400
- Join Logical file in AS400
- Join two physical files to create Join logical file in AS400
- Use JDUPSEQ keyword to arrange duplicate records in secondary file in join logical file in AS400
- Join fields with different attributes to create a Join logical file in AS400
- Fields that never appear in Record format in Join Logical File in AS400
- Specify the key fields in the Join Logical File in AS400
- Joining three or more physical files to create Join Logical File in AS400
- Joining physical file to itself in Join Logical File in AS400
- Select and Omit criteria in Logical file in AS400